It’s been a while, but our “English Learning Tips for Newcomers” is back for another 5-minute read on the past participle form of verbs!
What is past participle?
- It’s a word formed from a verb that probably ends with “ed”, “d”, ”en”, “n”, “t”, etc..
- For example, the past participle of “look” is “looked”.
When is past participle used?
- Creating past verb forms. It is used in perfect aspects or passive voice.
- Used as an adjective
Past participles of regular verbs
- The rules are pretty much the same as forming the Past Tense for Regular Verbs.
Past participles of irregular verbs
- The infinite form and the past participle form are the same. E.g. let, set, hit, shut, hurt, read, etc.
- The past participle form contains “aught” or “ought”. E.g. bring (brought), buy (bought), catch (caught), teach (taught), fight (fought), seek (sought), etc.
- The past participle form contains a different vowel. E.g. sit (sat), win (won), stand (stood), tell (told), meet (met), etc.
- The past participle form ends in “t”. E.g. send (sent), lend (lent), build (built), lose (lost), mean (meant), feel (felt), sleep (slept), keep (kept), etc.
- The past participle form ends in “en” or “n”. E.g. drive (driven), rise (risen), write (written), wake (waken), beat (beaten), fall (fallen), given (given), take (taken), speak (spoken), steal (stolen), break (broken), etc.
In case you wonder, take a look at the differences between Simple Past and Present Perfect.
Before you go, also check out our previously published English Learning tips articles!
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